Infrastructure

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"Texas offers us the infrastructure support and resources we need to run our business."
- Jim Wiseman
Vice President Toyota Manufacturing of Texas

Texas' Air Infrastructure

Texas' 380 airports, including 26 commercial airports, make up the second-largest state airport system in the United States. Even Texas' smallest commercial airports feature non-stop flights to Dallas-Fort Worth International (DFW) and/or George Bush Intercontinental in Houston (IAH), Texas' two largest airports and major domestic and international hubs.

Texas is home to two of the world's largest airlines

Founded in 1930, American Airlines moved its headquarters from New York to Fort Worth in 1979 and has since become one of the largest airlines in the world, contributing nearly $100 billion to the U.S. and international economies, and helped create more than 900,000 jobs worldwide. American Airlines' Fort Worth headquarters occupies about 1.4 million square feet and houses more than 4,300 employees.

In June 1971, Southwest Airlines incorporated in Dallas and began service with three Boeing 737 aircraft to serve Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio. Today, the Dallas company operates more than 548 aircraft to 72 cities in 37 states. Southwest Airlines' partnership with Volaris Airlines, Mexico's second largest carrier, expands Southwest Airlines' market to Cancun, Guadalajara, Morelia, Toluca/Mexico City, and Zacatecas. Southwest Airlines has 35,000 employees nationwide with around 10,500 in Texas.

Need More Information?

Learn more about Texas' booming Aerospace industry or download the Texas Infrastructure Snapshot

For state-by-state transportation facts, comparisons, and rankings on topics such as infrastructure, freight volumes and values, and passenger travel, visit the Bureau of Transportation Statistics' website.

Texas' Land Infrastructure

It's easy to get around in Texas. Over 313,210 miles of public roads run through Texas, more than any other state, including 11 primary interstate highways and seven auxiliary interstates. These major thoroughfares include international routes (I-35, 1-29, and I-69 - under construction), coast-to-coast routes (I-10 and I-20), and even intrastate routes (I-2, I-27, I-37, and I-45), providing direct access to some of the nation's biggest cites.

I-10  I-10 - Los Angeles, California to Jacksonville, Florida

I-20  I-20 - West Texas (splits off I-10) to Florence, South Carolina

I-27  I-27 - Lubbock to Amarillo (meets I-40)

I-30  I-30 - Dallas (meets I-20, I-35, and I-45) to Little Rock, Arkansas

I-35  I-35 - Laredo, Texas to Duluth, Minnesota

I-37  I-37 - San Antonio to Corpus Christi and the Gulf of Mexico

I-40  I-40 - Barstow California (meets I-15) to Wilmington, South Carolina (Atlantic Ocean)

I-44  I-44 - Wichita Falls, Texas to St. Louis, Missouri (meets I-55, I-64, and I-70)

I-45  I-45 - Dallas (meets I-20, I-30, and I-35) to Galveston and the Gulf of Mexico

Did you know?

Texas' 46 freight railroads travel on 10,425 miles of track, the most in the U.S.

Need More Information?

Check out our Texas Infrastructure Overview or download the Texas by Air, Land, and Sea map.

For state-by-state transportation facts, comparisons, and rankings on topics such as infrastructure, freight volumes and values, and passenger travel, visit the Bureau of Transportation Statistics' website.

 

Texas' Sea Infrastructure

Texas' 624 miles of coastline are dotted with more than 970 public and private wharves, piers, and docks handling waterborne freight. In 2012, more than 560 million tons of commodities moved through these channels. With the deepening of the Panama Canal (estimated to double capacity by 2016), and energy sector boom, Texas waterways are projected to move more goods than ever.

 

Map of Texas' 16 Deep Water Ports

The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (GIWW) connects ports from St. Marks, Florida, to Brownsville, Texas. The 379-mile Texas section is about one-third of the waterway's total length and handles 67 percent of the annual waterborne traffic. The waterway has unique transportation advantages in Texas and is an important component of a safe, effective, multimodal transportation system.

Texas' 16 seaports include 11 deep water ports with channels at least 30 feet deep. Eleven Texas ports are designated as foreign trade zones (FTZ). The U.S. government considers FTZs to be outside U.S. Customs territory, and merchandise may be brought into an FTZ without formal customs entry, import quotas, or most other import restrictions.

The Port of Houston led the nation in waterborne total foreign trade with 147.8 million metric tons in 2013.  Two other Texas ports were top-ten ranked in 2013: Port Arthur ranked #6 with 55.6 million metric tons and Corpus Christi ranked #9 with over 39 million metric tons.

Need More Information?

Check out our Texas Ports-at-a-Glance or download the Texas by Air, Land, and Sea map.

For state-by-state transportation facts, comparisons, and rankings on topics such as infrastructure, freight volumes and values, and passenger travel, visit the Bureau of Transportation Statistics' website.

Logistics

Two master-planned logistics complexes, Fort Worth's Alliance Global Logistics Hub and San Antonio's Port San Antonio, integrate high-capacity industrial airports, Class I rail terminals, and direct access to interstate highways.

Alliance Global Logistics Hub

The Fort Worth Alliance Airport is a public-use airport located at the Alliance Texas logistics hub 14 miles north of downtown Fort Worth, Texas. Owned by the City of Fort Worth and managed by Alliance Air Services, Alliance Airport is the world's first purely industrial airport. Opened in 1996, the airport covers an area of 1,198 acres and accommodates air cargo, corporate aviation, and military needs. Features include:

  • Runway extension to 11,000 feet is currently underway to accommodate all types of commercial traffic
  • U.S. Foreign Trade Zone designation with U.S. Customs on site
  • Access to BNSF Railway's Alliance Intermodal Facility
  • Direct access to Union Pacific and BNSF rail lines
  • Access to U.S. interstate highway I-35W and Texas state highways 114 and 170
  • Proximity to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport

Port San Antonio

Port San Antonio's industrial airport at Kelly Field (SKF) is a master-planned 1,900 acre industrial complex and international logistics center, centrally located in San Antonio, Texas. Created from the former Kelly Air Force Base, the port's strategic position in North America makes it an ideal international logistics platform for the United States, Mexico, and South America. Features include:

  • 11,500 foot runway
  • 89,600 square foot Class A air-cargo terminal with 14 acres of ramp space
  • U.S. Foreign Trade Zone designation with U.S. Customs on site
  • Access to three interstate highways (I-35, I-10, and I-37)
  • 235 acres of rail-served warehouses and sites with access to Union Pacific and BNSF rail lines

Read the Logistics Report »

Energy

Since the discovery of the Spindletop Oilfield in 1901, Texas has embodied the production of energy. The energy cluster is made up of three sub-clusters: oil and gas exploration and production, electric/coal/nuclear power generation and renewable and sustainable energy generation. Texas' geography and natural resources, excellent transportation systems, skilled labor force and leadership in environmental research give the state an energy advantage.

Oil and Gas Exploration and Production

Oil and gas exploration and production is one of Texas' most established industries. New oil and gas reservoirs continue to be discovered, adding significantly to the output of existing reservoirs. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, Texas' 26 refineries lead the nation in both crude oil production and refining, generating more than 4.7 million barrels of crude oil a day and accounting for 27 percent of the nation's total potential capacity and operating production. Texas also leads the nation in natural gas reserves and production and accounts for 32 percent of the nation's capacity. More...

Electric/Coal/Nuclear Power Generation

Texas is the only state with its own power grid, making it completely independent from other national networks, where one state's decisions may affect electricity markets in all other states. Additionally, the Texas grid is not subject to federal regulation over electrical transmission, which expedites the regulatory process for new energy development. Texas leads the nation in electricity production and consumption. Texas' electric power industry generates approximately 11 percent of the nation's capacity.

Texas is also a major nuclear power generating state with nuclear energy being generated at two plants. The Comanche Peak project in north Central Texas has a 2,300 MW operating capacity and 2,700 MW is being produced at the South Texas Project near the Gulf Coast. Texas is top-ranked for coal production and is one of the top two states for lignite coal production. Lignite coal makes up nearly all of the near-surface coal resources in Texas, all of which is used in electric generation plants.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Generation

Although historically better known for its oil wells than its wind turbines, Texas leads the nation in installed wind energy capacity (10,394 MW as of January 2012). Texas' dominance in the wind industry is also demonstrated through it being home to six of the ten largest wind power projects in the nation and two of the three largest wind farms in the western hemisphere, Roscoe Wind Farm and Horse Hollow Wind Farm. Texas is also a global leader in wind energy production, ranking 6th in the world.

In 2005, former Governor, Rick Perry signed Senate Bill 20, which contained a critical commitment to expand the state's transmission grid to maximize the ability to move wind power from West Texas to the rest of the state. By the end of 2011, Texas had10,377 MW of installed wind capacity, compared to Iowa, the second closest state, which only had 4,322 MW. By 2014, Texas will have new transmission capacity to integrate over 18,500 MW of wind energy onto our grid. Texas is pointing the way toward energy independence for our nation.

Texas is also pursuing solar, geothermal, wave/tidal, biomass and methane gas, and hydropower renewable energy technologies. More...

Download an overview of Texas' energy industry.